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Archive for the ‘Islamic Art’ Category

Mochica | Vessel with sea lion and feline(?) |  A.D. 500-750 | Image © Princeton University Art Museum

Mochica | Vessel with sea lion and feline(?) | A.D. 500-750 | Image © Princeton University Art Museum

The Princeton University Art Museum and ARTstor are now sharing approximately 600 images from the museum’s encyclopedic collections in the Digital Library. This is the first release of an approximately 10,000 projected images.

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India | Necklace | 18th century | Image and original data courtesy of Shangri La, Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art

India | Necklace | 18th century | Image and original data courtesy of Shangri La, Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art

ARTstor has released 100 new images of Islamic and South Asian art from the Shangri La, Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art in the Digital Library. The 500 images currently in the collection feature Indian jewelry and enamels; Syrian, Indian, Spanish, and Persian furniture, doors, and ceilings; Persian and Turkish tile panels and portable ceramics; and Central Asian, Persian, Turkish, and Indian textiles.

Duke developed a lifelong interest in Islamic art during her travels, particularly in decorative arts of the 17th through 19th centuries, especially those of the Ottoman, Mughal, Safavid, and Qajar dynasties, and she also commissioned art from contemporary Muslim artists. Over the course of nearly 60 years, Duke amassed approximately 3,500 objects, dating from 1500 BCE through the 20th century. Shangri La is owned and supported by the Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art as a center for Islamic arts and cultures.

View the collection in the Digital Library: http://library.artstor.org/library/collection/shangrila

For more detailed information about this collection, visit the Shangri La, Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art page.

Related Collections:

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ARTstor and the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston are collaborating to make approximately 20,000 images from the permanent collection available in the Digital Library.

The collection at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH) spans antiquity to today, with strengths in Italian Renaissance painting, French Impressionism, photography, American and European decorative arts, African and pre-Columbian gold, American art, and post-1945 European and American painting and sculpture. The museum has further strengthened the diversity of its collection with modern and contemporary Latin American art, Asian art, and Islamic art. (more…)

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John Adams Whipple | The Moon, 1857 – 1860 | The Metropolitan Museum of Art | Image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The first manned mission to land on the Moon touched down on July 20, 1969. Upon arrival, Commander Neil A. Armstrong famously reported, “The Eagle has landed.” The next day he would be the first human to walk upon the Moon’s surface, the capstone of mankind’s fascination with the satellite.

Enjoy this slide show featuring an early photograph of the Moon, Caspar David Friedrich’s Romanticist landscape, a Nepalese mandala of Chandra, god of the Moon, all courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art; Yamamoto Baiitsu’s painting of the Moon and waves from the Philadelphia Museum of Art Collection; and an Iranian manuscript illumination featuring the angel Israfil holding the Moon from the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

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Want to see more? Do an advanced search in the ARTstor Digital Library for Moon in the Title field to find more than 1,000 results in many media from ancient times to the present. Be sure not to miss Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s irreverent painting, too racy for the ARTstor Blog!

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Persian | Persian hunting carpet, detail of field with hunter on horseback hunting antelopes, jackals, hares, and ibex, 2nd half, 16th cent. | Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Vienna | Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y | artres.com

Nearly 1,900 additional images of Middle Eastern art and architecture from the Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives are now available in ARTstor.  This most recent addition includes images of works from countries including Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, and Tunisia, from sources such as the Archaeological Museum in Amman (Jordan), the Great Mosque in Kairouan (Tunisia), the Institute of Oriental Studies in St. Petersburg, the Judaica Collection Max Berger in Vienna, the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York, the Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo, the National Archaeological Museum in Beirut, and the Louvre in Paris.

Since 2006, ARTstor has collaborated with the Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives and Art Resource to make available approximately 14,000 high-quality images of world art and architecture, which have been digitized from large-format color transparencies that photographer Erich Lessing produced over the course of a distinguished career spanning several decades of photographic campaigns around the world.

View the collection in the Digital Library: http://library.artstor.org/library/collection/lessing

For more detailed information about this collection, see the Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) page.

Related collections:

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A. Cemal Ekin | Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey | © A. Cemal Ekin, keptlight.com

Nearly 50 images of the Hagia Sophia by A. Cemal Ekin are now available in the Digital Library. Located in Istanbul, Turkey, the Hagia Sophia (“Holy Wisdom”) is a masterpiece of Byzantine architecture. The current building was built by Emperor Justinian I between 532 – 537 CE. In 1453, the structure was converted into the Ayasofya mosque, and secularized as a museum by the Turkish government in 1934. The Hagia Sophia is famous for its massive central dome and richly decorated interior spaces. Ekin photographed the dome of the Hagia Sophia from scaffolding erected during its recent restoration. From this unique vantage point 55 meters (180 feet) from the ground, Ekin captured images of the center of the dome, its ceiling, the windows, and the mosaic and calligraphy decorations, as well as views into the narthex and interior spaces below. Ekin also photographed panoramic views of the cityscape of Istanbul from the roof of the Hagia Sophia.

A. Cemal Ekin is an accomplished photographer and Professor of Marketing at the School of Business at Providence College in Providence, RI.

For more detailed information about this collection, visit A. Cemal Ekin: Hagia Sophia collection page.

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Preah Khan; Exterior, ca. 12th century. Siem Reap Province, Cambodia. Photographer: John Stubbs/World Monuments Fund

ARTstor Digital Library has released nearly 1,000 images of important architecture, cultural heritage sites, and monuments from the World Monuments Fund (WMF). Among the sites currently available in the Digital Library are Easter Island (Chile), St. Paul’s Cathedral (London, England), Pompeii (Italy), Babylon (Iraq), Maya Sites of the Yucatan Peninsula (Yucatan, Mexico), Imperial Buddhist Convents (Nara and Kyoto, Japan), Brancusi Ensemble (Târgu-Jiu, Romania), Hagia Sophia (Istanbul, Turkey), and Ellis Island (New York and New Jersey, United States)

World Monuments Fund is the leading independent organization dedicated to saving the world’s most treasured places. Since 1965, in more than 90 countries, WMF experts have applied proven techniques to preserve important architectural and cultural heritage sites. Through partnerships with local communities, funders, and governments, the organization inspires an enduring commitment to stewardship for future generations. Every two years WMF publishes the World Monuments Watch, drawing international attention to cultural heritage sites around the world threatened by neglect, vandalism, armed conflict, commercial development, natural disasters, and climate change. Through the World Monuments Watch, WMF fosters community support for the protection of endangered sites, and attracts technical and financial support for the sites. The collection in ARTstor consists of images documenting various Watch List sites and monuments, with a particular focus on art and architecture.

For more detailed information about this collection, visit the World Monuments Fund collection webpage.

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Edgar Degas, Seated dancer, turned to the right, 1873. Musée du Louvre. Photographer: Gérard Blot. Image and original data provided by Réunion des Musées Nationaux / Art Resource, N.Y.

Through a collaboration with the Réunion des Musées Nationaux (RMN) and Art Resource, ARTstor has launched the first installment of nearly 4,000 of a projected total 12,000 images of works from the premier national and regional museums of France in the Digital Library. The collection in the ARTstor Digital Library presents high-resolution images of important works of art from antiquity to the 20th century. The majority of images focus on works by key artists from major European schools, as well as decorative arts and furnishings from castles and royal residences throughout France. French museums with significant holdings in the arts of Asia, Africa, and Oceania are also included. The images have been selected from the archives of the Agence photographique de la RMN, which include the collections of 28 museums, including the Musée du Louvre, the Musée d’Orsay, and the Musée National d’Art Moderne – Centre Georges Pompidou. The partnership, RMN, Art Resource, and ARTstor are making this important scholarly resource more broadly available for non-commercial, scholarly, and educational purposes

The Réunion des Musées Nationaux is a French public industrial and commercial establishment (EPIC), under the trusteeship of the French Ministry of Culture and Communication. RMN works with 32 museums and 2 exhibition venues to acquire works of art, organize exhibitions, publish catalogs and monographs, distribute editorial and commercial products, and promote the museums’ collections. The Agence photographique de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux produces the inventory of the French museums’ permanent collections and conducts annual photographic campaigns on behalf of museums and other institutions. It is the leading photo agency in France and one of the top ten in the world in the field of visual arts and museums.

Art Resource is the exclusive representative for RMN in North America. Art Resource is the world’s largest stock photo archive of fine art, serving as the principal source of fine art images for commercial and scholarly publications in the United States.

For more detailed information about this collection, visit the Réunion des Musées Nationaux page.

Related collections:

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Persepolis (Takht-e Jamshid), Iran, Sculpture, bull head, 6th-5th century BC. Image and original data provided by Bryn Mawr College. Image © Bryn Mawr College

Extending from Morocco and North Africa to Turkey and Iran, the Middle East is interesting and complex economically, socially, politically, and culturally. The ARTstor Digital Library offers many collections that document the rich history of the region that gave birth to the world’s earliest civilizations and major religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Islamic, Qur'an stand, 1360. Image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Explore these collections which focus mainly or exclusively on the Middle East and jointly feature approximately 100,000 related images: Islamic Art and Architecture Collection (Sheila Blair, Jonathan Bloom, Walter Denny): digital images of the art and architecture of Islam from the personal archives of a team of leading scholar photographers; Mellink Archive (Bryn Mawr College): archaeological excavations of ancient sites in Turkey and the Near East; Shangri La, Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art: Syrian and Persian furniture, doors, and ceilings; Persian and Turkish tile panels and portable ceramics; and Central Asian, Persian, and Turkish textiles; Pattern in Islamic Art from David Wade: images illustrating patterns and design features found throughout the Islamic world; Barbara Anello: Photographs of Southeast Asia and Morocco: images of Morocco’s traditional earthen architecture in Ait Ben Haddou and Skoura, and the ancient Roman ruins in Volubilis; James Conlon: Mali and Yemen sites and architecture: includes contemporary photographs depicting architecture and cultural sites and objects in Tarim and many other cities, monuments, and sites in Yemen’s Hadramaut Valley; Dura Europos and Gerasa Archives (Yale): images of papyri, artifacts, and structures unearthed during the excavations of the ancient sites of Dura-Europos in Syria and Gerasa (modern Jerash) in Jordan, along with historical documentation of the expeditions; Egyptian and other Ancient Art (Arielle Kozloff Brodkey): images of the art, architecture, and archaeology of ancient Egypt, with special strengths in Theban tombs; Giza Archaeological Expedition Archive (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston): visual documentation of the Giza pyramids, workers at dig sites, interiors of excavated monuments, objects, and human remains in their original find spots, individual finds and artifacts, and Egyptians in modern-day Giza and Cairo; Plans of Ancient and Medieval Buildings and Archaeological Sites (Bryn Mawr College): site plans for key ancient and medieval architectural monuments and archeological sites relating to the Classical and Ancient Near East; and Sites and Photos: broad and in-depth documentation of the ancient world, including Classical, Megalithic, Islamic, Crusader, and Gothic archaeology and architecture, with a focus on religious and Biblical sites.

Abdullah Freres, Mosquée de Kaid Bey, 1850s - 1890. This image and data was provided by The Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

In addition, there are dozens of collections that feature images related to the Middle East in their wide-ranging content, such as Magnum Photos, which covers events like the establishment of Israel as an independent state, the Iranian Revolution, and the Iraq War, and George Eastman House, which features 19th century travel and landscape photography of the Middle East by photographers such as Abdullah Frères and Félix Bonfils. You can find tens of thousands further images by browsing by individual country: Choose Browse > Geography > and then pick the Middle Eastern country you are researching. You can choose a Classification to further narrow your results.

For teaching ideas, see our Sample Topic on Middle Eastern Studies. To view all our Sample Topics, visit the Digital Library and click on “Featured Groups.” Also, read Colette Appelian’s 2011 Travel Award-winning essay, “Online Teaching and Architectural Solutions to Climate Problems in the Islamic World.” For more interdisciplinary ideas, download ARTstor’s Subject Guides.

Tapestry Square with the Head of Spring, Egyptian , 4th–5th century. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Colette Apelian

Fine Art faculty, Berkeley City College

As the Islamic art historian in the Art Department of Berkeley City College (BCC), I explain how North African to South Asian art and architecture are relevant to design students less familiar with pre-modern and non-western material cultures. Course logistics add to the challenge. Art 48VR, Introduction to Islamic Art History, is one of the few, if not the only online survey of Islamic art presented to a community college audience. To better address student needs, I organize the class thematically rather than chronologically, and focus upon a carefully chosen combination of fine and utilitarian objects and buildings. Presentations must be compressed so that BCC’s course management system, Moodle, properly stores and displays them. An example of how I use ARTstor in Art 48VR can be viewed in one image group for the lecture “Architectural Solutions to Climate Problems in the Islamic World.”

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In addition to illustrating specific motifs, pictures in the group show technology, materials, and plans that naturally temper hot and dry conditions. There are reed, mud brick, stone, and wooden screens (musharabiyya and jails, among other terms), which are used to mitigate the sun’s glare and heat in North African, Middle Eastern, Central Asian, and Indian contexts. Screens also allow air to flow freely while preserving privacy and demarcating private and religious spaces from public and secular locales. There is an Iranian badgir (wind tower) at Mir Chaqmaq (1436-37 CE) that, without electricity, circulates fresh and cool air through multi-story structures. An example from the United Arab Emirates indicates how the idea spread. The image group additionally has historic to contemporary mud brick architecture from Egypt and Yemen. Mud brick insulates interiors from excessive heat and cold, uses inexpensive local resources, and can been crafted into a multitude of styles, including quasi-Rococo and neo-Classical in some Yemeni examples. Images of the Alhambra in Spain, Bagh-e Fin in Iran, and the Sahrij Madrassa in Morocco display architects’ and engineers’ use of water channels, pools, and fountains to cool and hydrate. Medieval waterwheels and a recent qanat demonstrate more methods to harness natural power and supply water. In Egypt and Morocco, central courtyard planned structures and narrow urban streets flanked by windowless buildings cool private and public spaces while providing light, seclusion, and ventilation.

ARTstor has helped me create digital bridges between students, subject matter, and Moodle in other ways. I have most appreciated the ability to create presentations in OIV 3.1. After organizing and downloading an image group to my laptop, OIV allows me to create a slide show quickly complete with captions and copyright information. The opportunity to choose compression levels means few size problems when uploading to the course website. ARTstor’s varied content has also helped me be more efficient. I can find most of the images I need in one location without additional searches, imports, and scans.

To view the complete image groups that accompany this and other Travel Awards-winning essays, visit the ARTstor Digital Library’s Featured Groups and click on Travel Awards.

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