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Introduction to Philosophy
Carl Hammer, Lecturer, Communication Studies, University of MN, Twin Cities
This curriculum guide introduces the student to the basic problems, methods and theories of western philosophy. It looks at issues in the theory of reality, knowledge and ethics. This includes some of the main problems in the philosophy of mind, religion, and action. It begins with a look at some of the tools and methods of philosophy, such as deduction, induction, and definition. Images allow students to envision real and imaginary examples of the problems and theories in philosophy, as well as provide an engaging visual “anchor” to aid in their retention.
Section 1: Introduction
Portraits of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle help students consider questions such as “What do philosophers do?” and “What is philosophy?” Images in this group also help students envision philosophy as the original discipline, from which the sciences and other fields were developed.
View the image group
Section 2: Logic and Method
Images in this section illustrate examples of logic and method in philosophy. Use the example of Jack & Jill to illustrate disjunctive syllogism:
Either Jack or Jill went up the hill.
Jack did not go up the hill.
Therefore, Jill went up the hill.
Constructive Dilemma is illustrated by the example of the Chrysler Building and the Empire State Building:
We will either draw the Chrysler Building or the Empire State Building.
If we draw the Chrysler Building then we will draw a spire.
If we draw the Empire State Building then we will draw a Zeppelin landing tower.
So, we will either draw a spire or a Zeppelin landing tower.